You’ve probably already heard the name Coronavirus, which put fear into so many people across the world. Even the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global health emergency just because the new coronavirus gained momentum over the past couple of days, killing over 300 people in China.
The outbreak happened in the central city of Wuhan, which forced the government to enforce a full lockdown in almost 20 a couple of days later.
The virus is spread in different countries worldwide, and there are more than 9,000 cases reported worldwide, but most of them in China having coronavirus symptoms.
What is actually coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are within the same family of viruses that cause illness from cold to much more severe cases such as SARS or MERS syndrome, as the World Health Organization says. These are the type of viruses that are usually transmitted between animals and people. Just like the previous cases, SARS was believed that it was transmitted from civet cats to humans, and MERS was from camels.
You might be wondering why this virus got the name Corona, like the beer. – Well, the name comes from the Latin word corona, which means crown or halo. When the virus was examined under a microscope, it looked like a solar corona. It is a new strain that had never been identified in humans. The most dangerous part is that this virus is capable of human-to-human transmission very easily.
What are the symptoms?
After analyzing some of the examples, the World Health Organization came up with different symptoms that relate to the coronavirus. Signs that confirm a coronavirus infection are fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties.
In more severe cases, the virus can lead to a severe acute respiratory syndrome, pneumonia, kidney failure, and even death.
Unfortunately, we still don’t have enough valuable data to confirm the incubation period that is necessary. Some sources say that it is between 10 and 14 days.
How deadly is it?
Even though the virus gained a lot of media attention, experts say that it is not as deadly as other types of viruses such as MERS or SARS that had a 9.6 percent fatality rate. Both of these viruses are more deadly than coronavirus, but they were not as widely spread as the coronavirus.
Most cases are reported in China, but the virus has spread to other Asian countries, as well as North America, Australia, Europe, and the Middle East. All of the cases are due to people traveling to that region of China.
Where did all start from?
The World Health Organization and the Chinese health authorities still cannot determine the origin of the virus. Since it came from an animal, it is speculated that it came from a seafood market in Wuhan. The wildlife was traded illegally.
Other speculations say that it comes from a bat and/or a snake. The Chinese krait and the cobra may be the source of the coronavirus.
What is done to stop the spread?
Unfortunately, there are still no vaccines for the coronavirus. Chinese authorities sealed off Wuhan to stop the spread, but it was done several days after the first confirmed infected person, which is why we see the spread in other countries.
Other countries also quickly reacted, adding CCTV temperature detectors, canceling flights to and from China, travel restrictions, and heavy airport checks all in order to stop the epidemic from spreading.
Even though the virus is not the deadliest the world has ever faced, it is becoming an issue since we have improved transit, and it can spread much faster than ever before. This means that if it spread more, it is going to become hard to control.
If necessary, try to avoid crowded places and check up with your doctor if you feel any symptoms. Remember that you should not treat your health like you are gambling on the NBA expert picks: stay safe and take care.